Jabot - Originally The Term Meant The Neck Opening Of The Chemise, And Its Lavce Trimmings, Showing Through The Opening At The Doublet. Early Cravat Of Lace, Often Ready-made, Worn During The 17th Century. The Lace Fell In A Soft Bunch To The Upper Chest And Was Either Knotted And Draped Or Tied In A Soft Bow.
Jackboot - Over-knee High Riding Boot With Square Toes And Low Heel, Made From Stiff Leather. Second Half Of 17th Century.
Jacquard - Woven fabrics manufactured by using the Jacquard attachment on the loom. This attachment provides versatility in designs and permits individual control of each of the warp yarns. Thus, fabrics of almost any type or complexity can be made. Brocade and damask are types of jacquard woven fabrics.
Jacquard (warp Knitting) - A Term Generally Applied To A Warp-knitting Machine With A String-type Jacquard Placed Above To ,control Pins Placed Between Specially Shaped Guides Mounted In A Normal Guide Bar. The Pins When, Raised Do Not Affect The Guides But When In A Low Position Deflect Individual Guides In The Guide Bar To Extend Or Reduce By One Needle Space The Movement By The Pattern Chain Or Pattern Wheel. A Fall Plate .nay Or May Not Be Used. The Term Is Also Applied To A Machine In Which A String Jacquard Raises Individual Guides In A Guide Bar So Reducing The Lapping Movement Of These Individual Guides Compared To That Applied To The Guide Bar By The Pattern Chain Or Wheel.
Jacquard Knit - A weft double knit fabric in which a Jacquard type of mechanism is used. This device individually controls needles or small groups of needles, and allows very complex and highly patterned knits to be created.
Jaffer - A Plain-weave Cotton Fabric With Warp And Weft In Different Colors Producing A Shot Effect.
Jama - Full-sleeved Outerwear For Men, Greatly Popular At The Moghul And Rajput Courts And Worn Well Into The 19th Century. Literally, "a Garment, Robe, Vest, Gown, Coat
Jamdani - Fine Cotton Muslin With A Floral Pattern Brocaded In Thick Soft Cotton. Dacca Was A Famous Center For The Production Of Fine Jamdani Work.
Jane Sassaman - Jane A. Sassaman is a contemporary quilt artist, fabric designer, author and teacher whose critically acclaimed work inspires creative confidence in aspiring artists of all backgrounds. Her internationally known quilts are known for their bold designs, celebrating the energy and miraculous beauty of garden flowers and plants (and the occasional skeleton!).
Janghia - Short Drawers, Worn By Men And Boys. From Sanskrit
Jaquard Mechanism (weaving) -A Shedding Mechanism, Attached To A Loom, That Gives Individual Control Of Up To Several Hundred Warp Threads And Thus Enables Large Figured Designs To Be Produced. (named After The Inventor, Joseph Marie Jacquard, 1752-1834)
Jar - Zari.
Jaspe - A Woven Fabric With A Series Of Faint Stripes Formed By The Arrangement Of Light, Medium, And Dark Warp Yarns Or By Twisting Together 2 Yarns Of Different Colors . Used For Drapery, Upholstery, Suitings, etc.
Jaspé, Jasper - A Fabric That Has A Shaded Appearance Created By A Warp Thread Color Pattern. It May Be Woven Or Figured, And Is Used For Bedspreads Or Curtains.
Jean - A 2/1 Warp-faced Twill Fabric Used Chiefly For Overalls Or Casual Wear. Typical Cotton Particulars 18s X 28s (32 X 21 Tex), 90 X 60 (35 Ends/cm X 24 Picks/cm).
Jerkin - Outer Doublet Worn In England In The Late 16th And Early 17th Centuries. It Was Sleeveless Or With Loose Sleeves.
Jersey - A single-knit, plain-stitched fabric with a face side that is distinctly different from the back side. Used for both home and apparel consumer products. Recently, American manufacturers have introduced cotton jersey for bed linens.
Jersey Fabric - The consistent interlooping of yarns in the jersey stitch to produces a fabric with a smooth, flat face, and a more textured, but uniform back. Jersey fabrics may be produced on either circular or flat weft knitting machines.
Jersey Stitch - A basic stitch used in weft knitting, in which each loop formed in the knit is identical. The jersey stitch is also called the plain, felt, or stockinet stitch.
Jet Craters - Annular Deposits That Sometimes Form Around The Holes On The Face Of Jets Used In The Extrusion Of Viscose. (see Also Jet Rings.)
Jet Rings - Annular Deposits Formed Occasionally Inside The Holes Of Metal Jets Or Spinnerets When Used In The Extrusion Of Viscose, Particularly Into Coagulants Containing Much Zinc Sulphate.
Jet Spinning -A System Of Staple-fiber Spinning Which Utilises Air To Apply The Twisting Couple To The Yarn During Its Formation. The Air Is Blown Through Small Holes Arranged Tangentially To The Yarn Surface And This Causes The Yarn To Rotate. The Majority Of Systems Using This Technique Produce Fasciated Yarns, But By Using Two Air Jets Operating In Opposing Twist Directions It Is Possible To Produce Yarns With More Controlled Properties But Of More Complex Structure.
Jet-dyeing Machine - (1) A Machine For Dyeing Fabric In Rope Form In Which The Fabric Is Carried Through A Narrow Throat By Dye-liquor Circulated At A High Velocity., (2) A Machine For Dyeing Garments In Which The Garments Are Circulated By Jets Of Liquid Rather By Mechanical Means.
Jhabba - Loose, Tunic-like Garment.
Jhula - A Kind Of Blouse For Children.
Jhumb - A Covering For The Head And Body Made Simply By Tying A Sheet Or Blanket At One End And Draped Over The Head.
Joel Dewberry - As a prolific designer, artist and craftsman, Joel is thrilled to express his passion for design on the medium of fabric. Joel’s superb sense of harmonizing an eclectic mix of design styles into a cohesive collection has drawn him respect and attention as it delivers a modern yet timeless style.
Jupe - From The Arabic Djuba, Jacket. Jupe Had Two Meanings From The Middle Ages On Towards The Mid 17th Century, Jacket And Skirt. Only In 1672 Did The Dictionnaire De L'académie Francaise Define The Term Jupe, "part Of Women's Costume, From The Waist To The Feet." The Term Had Disappeared By Then From Men's Costume, Except For The Panels Of Certain Garments. From The 1670s On Jupe/skirt Corresponds With The Modern Meaning. In The 17th Century Women Wore 3 Jupes One On Top Of The Other The Modeste, A Top Skirt Which Often Trailed; The Friponne In The Middle, Which Covered The Secrète, The Underskirt. The Latter Two Reached The Ground.
Justaucorps - Male Coat Developed In The Second Half Of The 17th Century. Tight Fitting In The Shoulders, Collarless And With Flaring Skirts And Knee-length. The Flare Was Extended And Made Wider Until The Early 18th Century. Later The Coat Became Narrow, Cut Away In The Front And Sides, With A Standing Collar. (second Half Of 18th Century). Justeaucorps From French "juste-au-corps" = Close Fitting On The Body.
Jute - A bast fiber, chiefly from India, used primarily for gunny sacks, bags, cordage, and binding threads in carpets and rugs.
Jute-spun - Descriptive Of Staple Yarn That Has Been Prepared And Spun On Machinery Originally Designed For Spinning Yarns From Jute.