Nadiri - A Kind Of Jackets, Worn As An Outer Garment. The Emperor Jehangir Described It In His Memoirs As "a Coat They Wear Over A Qaba. Its Length Is From The Waist Down To Below The Thighs, And It Has No Sleeves. It Is Fastened In Fror4t With Buttons."
Nainsook - A lightweight plain weave cotton fabric, usually finished to create a luster and a soft hand. Common end-uses are infants' wear, blouses, and lingerie.
Nano-fiber - Nano refers to 1 billionth of a meter, or 1 x 10-8 centimeter. 150,000 strands of a nano-fiber can fit across a human hair.
Nano-technology - Complex technology that involves nano-size materials and combines science such as biology, chemistry and physics and engineering.
Nap - A fuzzy, fur-like feel created when fiber ends extend from the basic fabric structure to the fabric surface. The fabric can be napped on either one or both sides.
Napped - Brushed.
Napping - A finishing product for fabric that involves raising a nap, or fuzzy layer, on the fabric surface. The fabric passes over a revolving cylinder that's covered with short, fine wires that stick out. These wires lift up fibers from the surface of the fabric creating a fuzzy appearance and hand.
Naqsha - Pattern; Scheme.
Nastaliq - One Of The Many Scripts In Which Persian Characters Can Be Written.
Natio - A Kind Of Cap Popular In Gujarat And Rajasthan. It Consists Generally Of A Woven Piece And Headband, With A Long Flap, Which Hangs At The Back To Cover The Neck.
Natural - Refers To The Color Of The Fiber As Found In Nature, I.e. Unbleached And Undyed. Linen And Linen Blends Are Often Sold In Their Natural Brown Color.
Natural & Color - Refers To Yarn Dye Fabrics Which Combine Natural Yarns And Colored Yarns In The Design.
Natural And Overprint - Refers To Printing Done On A Natural Ground.
Natural Flax - Scutched Flax Produced From Deseeded Straw Without Any Intermediate Treatment Such As Retting.
Nautical - Refers To Motifs With A Nautical Or Maritime Theme.
Navel - In Rotor Spinning A Device, Aligned On The Axis Of The Rotor, Through Which The Yarn Is Withdrawn.
Neck - In The Process Of Drawing Synthetic Filaments Or Films, The Relatively Short Length Over Which A Reduction In Cross-sectional Area Occurs As A Result Of Stretching Beyond A Critical Value., Note: Commercial Drawing Processes For Man-made Fibers And Films Do Not Necessarily Involve The Formation Of A Neck.
Neckcloth - Term Used From The 17th Century Until Ca. 1840 To Describe Either A Cravat, Stock, Kerchief Or Bandanna Worn Around The Neck.
Necking - The Sudden Reduction In Diameter That May Occur When An Undrawn Filament Is Stretched.
Needled - A Type Of Nonwoven In Which The Fibers Are Entangled And Mechanically Bonded By Needle Punching.
Needlepoint Lace - A Method Of Making Lace By Buttonhole Stitches Using An Embroidery Needle And Thread On A Heavy Paper Base.
Negligée Cap -18th Century Term For A Cap Worn Within The House And Also Informally.
Nep - A Small Knot Of Entangled Fibers. (in The Case Of Cotton It Usually Comprises Dead Or Immature Cotton Hairs.) Small Knots Of Fiber Embedded In The Yarn. May Be Intentional Or Unintentional.
Neppy Yarn - A Yarn In Which The Incidence Of Nep Occurs At A Relatively High Level And So Constitutes A Fault., Note: Neppy Yarns Are Sometimes Used Purposely As Decoration.
Net - An open fabric, which is created by connecting the intersections in a woven, knitted, or crocheted construction to form a mesh-like appearance that won't ravel. End-uses include veils, curtains, and fish nets.
Nett Silk - Raw-silk Filaments Or Strands That Have Been Processed Into Yams By Twisting And Folding Or Both. Also Descriptive Of Fabrics Produced From Nett Silk.
Neutral-dyeing Acid Dye - An Acid Dye That From A Neutral Bath Has Useful Substantivity For Wool, Silk Or Polyamide.
New Zealand Flax - Phormium Tenax - An Indigenous New Zealand Plant And The Fiber Obtained From Its Leaves Is Sometimes Called New Zealand Flax Or Hemp, Although Now Grown In Other Countries.
Nightcap - Worn In Bed Or In The 16th To 18th Centuries Informally Within The House. Those Worn By Men Were Often Exquisitely Embroidered.
Nimainimatana - A Kind Of Tunic, A Modified Version Of The Kurta (q.v.), Generally Made Of Fine Material.
Ninon - A lightweight, plain weave, made of silk or manufactured fibers, with an open mesh-like appearance. Since the fabric is made with high twist filament yarns, it has a crisp hand. End uses include eveningwear and curtains.
Nip - The Line Or Area Of Contact Or Proximity Between Two Contiguous Surfaces That Move So As To Compress And/or Control The Velocity Of Textile Material Passed Between Them.
Nip Roller - One Of A Pair Of Rollers Intended To Run With Their Cylindrical Surfaces In Contact Or Separated Yarn Or Other Textile Material., Note: The Two Rollers Are Intended To Have The Same Surface Speed And One Normally Drives Other By Frictional Contact.
No Wale Corduroy - A Corduroy With A Short All Over Cut Pile And Thus No Visible Wale.
Noil (wool) - The Shorter Fibers Separated From The Longer Fibers In Combing.
Noil; Bourette (silk) - The Fibers Extracted During Silk Dressing Or That Are Too Short For Producing Spun Silk. These Fibers Usually Spun On The Condenser System To Produce What Are Known As Silk Noil Yarns.
Non-ionic Dye - A Dye That Does Not Dissociate Electrolytically In Aqueous Solution.
Nonwoven Fabric - Fabrics made directly from individual fibers that are matted together by forming an interlocking web of fibers either mechanically (tangling together) or chemically (gluing, bonding, or melting together).
Nonwoven Fabric Thermally-bonded - Textile Fabric Composed Of A Web Or Batt Of Fibers Containing Heat-sensitive Material, Bonded By The Application Of Heat, With Or Without Pressure. The Heat-sensitive Materials May Be In The Form Of Fibers, Bicomponent Fibers Or Powders.
Nottingham Lace - A Wide Machine Made Lace. Originally Made In Nottingham England.
Novelty - A General Term That Refers To A Fabric That Is Not Basic Or Common, I.e. One That Has Unusual Or Special Effects In The Yarn, Weave, Coloring Or Finishing.
Novelty Yarn - A yarn that is intentionally produced to have a special or unique effect. These effects can be produced by twisting together uneven single yarns, by using yarns that contain irregularities, or by twisting yarns that contain a color variance. A slubbed yarn is an example of a novelty yarn.
Number Of Yarn - Count
Nun's Veiling - A Plain Weave, Lightweight, Sheer Fabric Of High Quality Usually Found In Black Or White. May Be Made Of Wool Silk Cotton Or Synthetics. Named For It's Original Use By Religious Orders.
Nylon - Generic term for fiber made from synthetic polyamides extracted from coal and oil. Known for its high strength and excellent resilience, nylon has superior abrasion resistance and high flexibility. It's used widely in outdoor clothing and gear.
Nytril - A manufactured fiber, most often used in sweaters or pile fabrics, where little or no pressing is recommended, as the fiber has a low softening or melting point. However, it has also been successfully used in blends with wool for the purpose of minimizing shrinkage and improving the shape retention in garments.