Aba - A Loose Cloak, Possibly Of Arabian Origin, woven from the hair of camels or goats.. Related To The Jama In Men's Wear, And To The Abbo (q.v.) in Women's.
Abaca - Fiber Obtained From The Plant Musa Textiles, Commonly Known As Manila.
Abho - A Loose Shirt-like Garment, Worn By Women Mostly In Gujarat And Rajasthan. The Garment Was Generally Worn With Short, Wide Sleeves, Open At The Neck, Loose-fitting On The Upper Part And Really Flared In Its Skirt. Often Decorated With Embroidery And Mirror-glass Work.
Abrasion Resistance - The degree by which a fabric is able to withstand loss of appearance through surface wear, rubbing, chafing, and other frictional actions.
Absorbency - The ability of a fabric to take in moisture. Absorbency is a very important property, which effects many other characteristics such as skin comfort, static build-up, shrinkage, stain removal, water repellency, and wrinkle recovery.
Abstract - Refers To A Design In The Abstract Style, I.e. One That Represents A General Form And Not An Accurate Representation Of A Subject.
Accent / Novelty Yarns - These yarns are very very fine and are not intended to be used by themselves; they are intended to be knit with another yarn and will provide additional color and texture to a finished fabric.
Accessories - Additional Ornamentation To Accompany The Garment In Order To Create A Certain Look/image. (shoes, Jewelries Etc.)
Accordion - 1x1 Rib Knit Alternating With A 2x2 Rib.
Acetate - A manufactured fiber formed by a compound of cellulose, refined from cotton linters and/or wood pulp, and acetic acid that has been extruded through a spinneret and then hardened.
Acetone-soluble Cellulose Ethanoate - When The Hydrolysis Of Primary Cellulose Ethanoate (acetate) Is Allowed To Proceed Until Approximately 54% Of Combined Ethanoic (acetic) Acid Remains In The Product, The Cellulose Acetate Is Soluble In Propanone (acetone) And Is Sometimes Known As Acetone-soluble Cellulose Acetate.
Acetylation - The Process Of Introducing An Ethanoyl (acetyl) Radical Into An Organic Molecule.
Achkan - A Men's Long-sleeved Coat-like Garment, Worn Close To The Body, Reaching Down To The Knees Or Even Lower, And Buttoned In Front-middle.
Acid Dye - An Anionic Dye Characterized By Substantiality For Protein And Polyamide Fibers And Usually Applied From An Acidic Or Neutral Dye bath.
Acrylic - A manufactured fiber derived from polyacrylonitrile. Its major properties include a soft, wool-like hand, machine washable and dryable, excellent color retention. Solution-dyed versions have excellent resistance to sunlight and chlorine degradation.
Acrylic Coated - A Fabric Which Has Been Coated, Generally On The Back, With Acrylic Resin To Make It Waterproof Or Dawnproof.
Addition Polymenrizatio - Polymerization.
Adhesives - Used to apply labels, decorative trim and waterproofing tapes to innovative solutions like stitchless garment construction.
Affinity - The Quantitative Expression Of Substantiality. It Is The Difference Between The Chemical Potential Of The Dye In Its Standard State In The Fiber And The Corresponding Chemical Potential In The Dye bath.
Afghan - A blanket or shawl of colored wool knitted or crocheted in strips or squares.
African Print - Fabric relating to Africa or its people or culture.
Aglet / Aiglet - The little plastic or metal cladding on the end of shoelaces that keeps the twine from unraveling.
Aguillettes - Metal-tagged Laces That Replaced The Sewn Ones, To Attach The Breeches To The Doublet.
Air Laying - A Method Of Forming A Web (or Batt) Of Staple Fibers In Which The Fibers Are Dispersed Into An Air Stream And Condensed From The Air Stream On To A Permeable Cage Or Conveyor.
Air Permeability - The porosity of a fabric as estimated by the ease with which air passes through it. Air permeability measures the warmth of blankets, the air resistance of parachute cloth, the wind resistance of sailcloth, etc. as measured on standard testing equipment.
Alb - A full-length white linen ecclesiastical vestment with long sleeves that is gathered at the waist with a cincture.
Albatross - A Lightweight, Plain Weave Fabric Traditionally Of Wool Or Wool Blends With A Napped, Fleecy Surface . So Named Because The Texture Resembles The Breast Of An Albatross. Usually Light In Color- Used In Infant's Wear , Sleep Wear.
Alencon Lace - A Needlepoint Lace On A Fine Net Ground Characterized By A Heavy Thread (cordonnet) Outlining The Design. Usually Machine Made But Sometimes The Cordonnet Is Inserted By Hand.
Algaecide - Kills algae.
Alginate - A Term Used To Describe Fibers Composed Of Metallic Salts Of Alginic Acid.
Alkali-cellulose - The Product Of The Interaction Of Strong Sodium Hydroxide With Purified Cellulose.note: In The Manufacture Of Viscose Fibers, The Cellulose May Be Cotton Linters Or Wood-pulp. After Pressing, Alkali-cellulose Usually Contains Approximately 30% Of Cellulose And 15% Of Sodium Hydroxide, The Remainder Being Water. During The Steeping Of The Cellulose In Sodium Hydroxide (18-20% W/w) To Form The Alkali-cellulose, Soluble Impurities, Including Soluble Cellulose Are Removed.
Alligator Skin - A Design, Printed Or Embossed, That Suggests The Characteristic Texture Of An Alligator.
Allonge-perruqe - French Term For Periwig, Also Called State-wig. Worn By Fashionable Men In The Late 17th, Early 18th Century, Introduced Probably By Louis Xiv And Usually In Black Or Dark Brown Shades. The Periwig Had Very High "horns" On Top Of The Forehead And Was Extremely Long, Curled And Flowing Down The Back And Over The Shoulders.
Allover Lace - General Term For A Wide Lace In Which The Pattern Covers The Full Width Of The Fabric . It Is Generally Sold And Cut In The Same Way As Non Lace Fabrics.
Aloha Shirt - Hawaiian shirt.
Alpaca - A natural hair fiber obtained from the Alpaca sheep, a domesticated member of the llama family. The fiber is most commonly used in fabrics made into dresses, suits, coats, and sweaters.
Alter - To Change The Pattern So That It Corresponds To Body Measurements.
Amadis Sleeve - Tight-fitting Sleeve Continuing On The Back Of The Hand, Invented In 1684 By Mlle Le Rochois, An Actress At The Opera, Who Had Unsightly Arms.
Amaranthine - The color of amaranth, shade of "red".
American Upland Cotton - Represents the majority of the world crop, American Upland fiber runs between 3/4" and 1 1/4" .
Amethyst - Stone, shade of "purple".
Amice - Liturgical vestment made of an oblong piece of cloth usually of white linen and worn about the neck and shoulders and partly under the alb.
Anaphe - A Wild Silk From The Larvae Of The Anaphe Moth.
Angarakfia - A Long, Full-sleeved Outerwear For Men; Literally 'that Which Protects Or Covers The Limbs'. Closely Related To The Jama (q.v.), But Possibly Of Native, Indian Origin. Generally Open At The Chest And Tied In Front, With An Inner Flap Or Parda Covering The Chest. Full-skirted And Of Varying Lengths.
Angiaiangika - Short, Tight-fitting Bodice Worn By Women In India From Very Early Times. Literally, 'covering For The Body.
Angora - The hair of the Angora goat. Also known as Angora mohair. Angora may also apply to the fur of the Angora rabbit. However, according to the U.S. Federal Trade Commission, any apparel containing Angora rabbit hair must be labeled as "Angora rabbit hair" on the garment.
Angrakha - Long robe with an assymetrical opening in the chest area reaching down to the knees. Worn by males in India.
Anidex - A Term Used To Describe Fibers Made From A Synthetic Linear Polymer That Consists Of At Least 50% By Mass Of One Or More Esters Of A Monohydric Alcohol And Propenoic Acid (acrylic Acid).
Animal Skin - Refers To A Design Which Suggests The Skin Of An Animal . Leopard, Tiger, Zebra And Giraffe Are Popular Motifs.
Anionic Dye - A Dye That Dissociates In Aqueous Solution To Give A Negatively Charged Ion.
Anklet - Short sock reaching slightly above the ankle.
Anna Marie Horner - Designer Felicity Miller’s work is described as “elegantly whimsical”. Family and friends are daily inspirations for Felicity’s creations.
Anorak - A warm and windproof hooded, parka that extends to just below the buttocks. Used in raingear or winter wear.The unique feature of an anorak is a zipper that extends only half to three-quarters of the way down the front of the jacket. To put it on you must pull the anorak over your head like a T-shirt. Anoraks generally have a drawstring waist and can also have a drawstring hem, both designed to trap warm air inside the anorak when cinched.
Anti Bacterial - Finish That Makes A Fabric Resistant To The Growth Of Bacteria. A fabric that has been chemically treated or a fiber that is created by incorporating the anti-bacterial chemical agent into the fiber formula, making the finished fiber or fabric resistant to, or inhibiting the growth of micro-organisms.
Anti Pill - A Finish Applied To Fleece Which Involves Shearing The Surface So That The Fabric Is Less Likely To Pill
Antifungal - Inhibits or kills fungi.
Antique Satin - A Reversible Fabric - One Side Looks Like Satin And The Other Side Like Shantung. It Often Has A Dark Warp Which Enhances The Texture. Often Used For Draperies.
Antique Taffeta - A Stiff Plain Weave Fabric , Often Iridescent, With A Slubbed Weft. May Be Of Silk Or Synthetics.
Anti-Static - Can be either a fiber or fabric that does not allow the build-up of static electricity to occur when the fiber or fabric experiences friction or rubbing.
Antron - Brand Of Nylon Fiber Trademarked By The Du Pont Co.
Apparel - Personal attire, clothing, clothes, garments, fashions.
Apparent Wall Thickness - The Apparent Width Of A Fiber Wall As Seen Under The Microscope. In The Maturity Test For Cotton, The Apparent Wall Thickness Is Assessed Visually At The Widest Part Of The Fibers As A Fraction Of The Maximum Ribbon Width.
Appliqué - A cutout decoration fastened to a larger piece of material.
Apricot - Shade of "Orange".
Apron - A garment of cloth, plastic, or leather tied around the waist and used to protect clothing or adorn a costume.
Aqua - A light greenish blue.
Aquamarine - A pale greenish blue.
Aramid - A Term Used To Describe Fibers Composed Of Synthetic Linear Macromolecules Having In The Chain Recurring Amide Groups, At Least 85% Of Which Are Joined Directly By Two Aromatic Rings And In Which Amide Groups May Be Substituted For Up To 50% Of The Amide Groups.
Arctic - A rubber overshoe reaching to the ankle or above.
Argent - The metal silver, represented by the color white. Silver or something resembling it.
Argentan Lace - A Needlepoint Lace On A Net Ground Similar To Alencon Lace But On A Larger Net And Without The Cordonnet Outline Thread Of Alencon.
Argyle - A Design Of Various Colored Diamond Shaped Blocks On A Single Colored Ground, Usually Crossed By Lines In A Diamond Shape. Popular In Sweaters And Hosiery.
Armband - Band usually worn around the upper part of a sleeve for identification or mourning.
Armlet - Cloth or metal band, worn around the upper arm.
Armor - A defensive covering for the body, generally made of metal, and used in combat in medieval times. Bullet proof clothing is considered as modern day body armor.
Armure - A Fiber usually made of cotton, silk, wool, rayon, synthetics, and blends. Plain, twill, or rib, background often has a small design either jacquard or dobby made with warp floats on surface giving a raised effect. Design is often in two colors and raised.
Art/embroidery Linen - A Balanced Plain Weave Fabric Usually Of Linen Or Linen/cotton . It Is Made From Smooth Round Yarns (not Flattened By Calendering) . Used As A Base For Embroidered Table Linen, Pillowcases, Also In Drapes, Slipcovers And Some Apparel. Also Called Embroidery Crash.
Asbestos - A Generic Name Used To Describe A Family Of Naturally Occurring Fibrous Hydrated Silicates Divided On The Basis Of Mineralogical Features Into Serpentines And Amphiboles. Six Varieties Were Of Commercial Importance : Serpentine: Chrysotile Mg3 (si2o5) (oh)4, Amphiboles: Actinolite Ca2 (mgfe)5 (si6o22) (oh)2, Asbestos Grunerite ( Amosite) (femg)7 (si6o22) (oh)2, Anthhophyllite (mgfe)7 (si6o22)(oh)2, Crocidolite Na2fe2+3fe3+2(si6o22)(oh)2, Tremolite Ca2mg5(si6o22)(oh)2,the Six Varieties Are Deemed To Be Asbestos Only When They Have A Fibrous Form., Note: Asbestos Is No Longer Used Because Of The Associated Health Risks.
Ascot - A broad neck scarf that is looped under the chin.
Asharfi Buti - A Popular Textile Design Consisting Of Small Floral Discs Or Circles, Sometimes With Small Patterns Within The Circle.
Astrakhan - A Thick Woven Or Knitted Cloth Often Of Wool With A Surface Of Loops Or Curls, Imitating The Coat Of An Astrakhan Lamb. Also Called Poodle Cloth. Used For Coats And Trimming.
Atactic Polymer - A Linear Polymer Containing Asymmetrically-substituted Carbon Atoms In The Repeating Unit Of The Main Chain, A Planar Projection Of Whose Structure Has The Same Substituents Situated Randomly To Any One Side Or The Other Of The Main Chain,
Atansaw - A Wide, Commodious Chogha (q.v.)like Garment For Wrapping Around The Body.
Atlas - A Warp Knit Fabric In Which A Set Of Yarns Shifts Diagonally One Wale Per Course For Several Courses , Then Returns To The Original Position.
Atmosphere For Testing - (a) Standard Temperate Atmosphere : An Atmosphere At The Prevailing Barometric Pressure With A Relative Humidity Of 65% And A Temperature Of 20ºc, (b) Standard Tropical Atmosphere : An Atmosphere At The Prevailing Barometric Pressure With A Relative Humidity Of 65% And A Temperature Of 27ºc
Auburn - Shade of "brown".
Avocado - Color, light yellowish green.
Awning Stripe - 1. A Design Of Wide Even Stripes 2. A Heavy Canvas Fabric With This Design. May Be Yarn Dyed Or Printed.
Azlon - A Term Used To Describe Manufactured Fibers In Which The Fiber-forming Substance Is Composed Of Any Regenerated Naturally Occurring Protein. The Iso Generic Name Is Protein.
Azure - Color, sky blue.